South Dakota

South Dakota State Flag Gifts & Merchandise

Date of Statehood: November 2, 1889

Capital: Pierre

Population: 814,180 (2010)

Size: 77,116 square miles

Nickname(s): Mount Rushmore State

Motto: Under God, the People Rule

Tree: Black Hills Spruce

Flower: Pasque

Bird: Chinese Ring-necked Pheasant

South Dakota Timeline
  • 1700s - The Sioux Nation takes over much of the region.
  • 1743 - The French arrive and lay claim to South Dakota.
  • 1803 - The United States buys the land from France as part of the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1804 - Explorers Lewis and Clark travel through South Dakota on their way to the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1817 - The first permanent European settlement is established in South Dakota.
  • 1856 - The city of Sioux Falls is established.
  • 1869 - The Treaty of Fort Laramie grants the western half of South Dakota to the Sioux Nation.
  • 1874 - George Custer discovers gold in the Black Hills.
  • 1889 - South Dakota becomes the 40th state.
  • 1890 - The Wounded Knee Massacre occurs.
  • 1930s - Drought in the Midwest causes the Dust Bowl which destroys years of crops in South Dakota.
  • 1941 - Construction ends on the Mount Rushmore sculpture.
  • 1981 - Citibank moves its credit card business to Sioux Falls.

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