Oregon State Flag Gifts & Merchandise

Date of Statehood: February 14, 1859

Capital: Salem

Population: 3,831,074 (2010)

Size: 98,379 square miles

Nickname(s): Beaver State

Motto: She Flies With Her Own Wings

Tree: Douglas Fir

Flower: Oregon Grape

Bird: Western Meadowlark

Oregon Timeline
  • 1500s - Spanish and British ships map out the coast of Oregon and lay claim to the land.
  • 1792 - American Captain Robert Gray explores the Columbia River naming it after his ship.
  • 1805 - Explorers Lewis and Clark reach the Pacific Ocean on the coast of Oregon.
  • 1811 - The first permanent settlement is established at Fort Astoria.
  • 1818 - Great Britain and the United States agree to joint occupancy of the region.
  • 1840s - Settlers begin to arrive using the Oregon Trail.
  • 1845 - The city of Portland is established.
  • 1846 - The United States gains control of Oregon Country from the British through the Oregon Treaty.
  • 1848 - The Oregon Territory is formed.
  • 1851 - Salem becomes the capital city.
  • 1859 - Oregon becomes the 33rd state.
  • 1872 - The Modoc Indian War.
  • 1877 - The Nez Perce War occurs with Chief Joseph as the leader of the Nez Perce.
  • 1937 - The Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River is completed.
  • 1999 - Oil tanker the New Carissa runs aground at Coos Bay spilling 70,000 gallons of oil into the ocean.

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