North Dakota

North Dakota State Flag Gifts & Merchandise

Date of Statehood: November 2, 1889

Capital: Bismarck

Population: 672,591 (2010)

Size: 70,698 square miles

Nickname(s): Peace Garden State; Flickertail State; Roughrider State; Dakota

Motto: Liberty and Union Now and Forever, One and Inseparable

Tree: American Elm

Flower: Wild Prairie Rose

Bird: Western Meadowlark

North Dakota Timeline
  • 1682 - Robert de La Salle claimed much of North Dakota for France.
  • 1738 - French fur trader Pierre de La Verendrye visited the land and met with the Mandan.
  • 1803 - The United States bought the land as part of the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1804 - Lewis and Clark built Fort Mandan and spent the winter in North Dakota. They meet Sacagawea.
  • 1812 - A Scottish settlement near Pembina is founded.
  • 1818 - North Dakota is part of the Missouri Territory.
  • 1828 - Fort Union is established by the American Fur Company.
  • 1837 - The majority of the Mandan Indians are killed by a smallpox outbreak.
  • 1861 - The Dakota Territory is established.
  • 1863 - Homesteading is opened up for much of the land.
  • 1871 - The city of Fargo is founded.
  • 1883 - Bismark becomes the capital of the territory.
  • 1885 - The American Bison is nearly extinct.
  • 1889 - North Dakota becomes the 39th state.
  • 1915 - The Nonpartisan League (NPL) is formed by Arthur Townley to help small farmers.
  • 1951 - Oil is discovered near Tioga.
  • 1960 - Lake Sakakawea is formed when the Garrison Dam is completed.
  • 1997 - The Red River Valley is flooded destroying much of the city of Grand Forks.

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