New Mexico

New Mexico State Flag Gifts & Merchandise

Date of Statehood: January 6, 1912

Capital: Santa Fe

Population: 2,059,179 (2010)

Size: 121,590 square miles

Nickname(s): Land of Enchantment

Motto: Crescit Eundo (“It Grows as it Goes”)

Tree: Piñon Pine

Flower: Yucca

Bird: Greater Roadrunner

New Mexico Timeline
  • 1540 - Spanish conquistador Francisco Vazquez de Coronado arrives and claims the land for Spain.
  • 1598 - New Mexico becomes an official colony of Spain.
  • 1610 - The settlement of Santa Fe is established.
  • 1680 - The Pueblo people revolt against the Spanish.
  • 1706 - The city of Albuquerque is established.
  • 1821 - New Mexico becomes a province of Mexico after Mexico declares independence from Spain.
  • 1821 - The Santa Fe Trail is opened by William Becknell.
  • 1846 - The start of the Mexican-American War.
  • 1848 - The U.S. gains control of New Mexico as a result of winning the Mexican-American War.
  • 1850 - The New Mexico Territory is established by the United States.
  • 1863 - The Long Walk begins as the Navajo are forced to relocate.
  • 1881 - Billy the Kid is shot and killed.
  • 1912 - New Mexico is admitted as the 47th state.
  • 1945 - The first atomic bomb is detonated in New Mexico.
  • 1947 - A UFO supposedly crash lands near Roswell.

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