Montana

Montana State Flag Gifts & Merchandise

Date of Statehood: November 8, 1889

Capital: Helena

Population: 989,415 (2010)

Size: 147,039 square miles

Nickname(s): Treasure State; Big Sky Country

Motto: Oro y Plata (“Gold and Silver”)

Tree: Ponderosa Pine

Flower: Bitterroot

Bird: Western Meadow Lark

Montana Timeline
  • 1700s - French fur traders enter the region.
  • 1803 - The United States buys much of Montana from France as part of the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1804 - Lewis and Clark travel through Montana on their way to the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1841 - St. Mary's Mission is built.
  • 1846 - Fort Benton is established on the Missouri River.
  • 1858 - Gold is discovered at Gold Creek sparking a gold rush in the region.
  • 1863 - Montana becomes part of the Idaho territory.
  • 1864 - The Montana Territory is established.
  • 1864 - The city of Helena is founded.
  • 1872 - Yellowstone National Park is established in southern Montana.
  • 1875 - Helena becomes the capital of the Montana Territory.
  • 1876 - General George Custer is defeated at the Battle of Little Big Horn.
  • 1877 - Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce are defeated at Bear Paw during their famous retreat to Canada.
  • 1889 - Montana becomes the 41st state.
  • 1910 - Glacier National Park is established.
  • 1914 - Women gain the right to vote in Montana.
  • 1916 - Jeannette Rankin is the first woman elected to the U.S. Congress.

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