Mississippi

Mississippi State Flag Gifts & Merchandise

Date of Statehood: December 10, 1817

Capital: Jackson

Population: 2,967,297 (2010)

Size: 48,432 square miles

Nickname(s): Magnolia State

Motto: Virtute et armis (“By valor and arms”)

Tree: Magnolia

Flower: Magnolia

Bird: Mockingbird

Mississippi Timeline
  • 1540 - Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto is the first European to visit the region.
  • 1682 - Mississippi is part of Louisiana and under the control of France.
  • 1699 - Frenchman Pierre d'Iberville builds Fort Maurepas, the first permanent settlement in Mississippi.
  • 1798 - The Territory of Mississippi is established with Natchez as the capital.
  • 1817 - The U.S. Congress makes Mississippi the 20th state.
  • 1822 - Jackson becomes the capital.
  • 1830 - The Choctaw give up their land in the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek. They are forced to move to Indian Territory in the coming years.
  • 1861 - Mississippi secedes from the Union and joins the Confederacy. The Civil War begins.
  • 1863 - The Battle of Vicksburg is fought. The Union wins and gains control of the Mississippi River.
  • 1870 - Mississippi is readmitted into the Union.
  • 1907 - Boll weevils appear and destroy much of the cotton crop
  • 1969 - The segregation of public schools ends.
  • 2005 - Hurricane Katrina strikes the coast causing severe damage.

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