Maryland

Maryland State Flag Gifts & Merchandise

Date of Statehood: April 28, 1788

Capital: Annapolis

Population: 5,773,552 (2010)

Size: 12,406 square miles

Nickname(s): Old Line State; Free State; Cockade State; Oyster State; Monumental State

Motto: Fatti Maschii Parole Femine (“Strong Deeds, Gentle Words”)

Tree: White Oak

Flower: Black-Eyed Susan

Bird: Baltimore Oriole

Maryland Timeline
  • 1631 - The first European settlement is established by trader William Claiborne.
  • 1632 - The royal charter for the colony of Maryland is granted to George Calvert.
  • 1634 - Leonard Calvert led English settlers to the new colony and founded the city of St. Mary's.
  • 1664 - A law is passed allowing slavery in Maryland.
  • 1695 - Annapolis is made the capital city.
  • 1729 - The city of Baltimore is founded.
  • 1767 - Maryland's northern boundary is set by the Mason-Dixon Line.
  • 1788 - Maryland is admitted to the Union as the 7th state.
  • 1814 - The British attack Fort Henry. Francis Scott Key writes "The Star-Spangled Banner."
  • 1862 - The most deadly battle of the Civil War, the Battle of Antietam, is fought near Sharpsburg.
  • 1904 - Much of downtown Baltimore is destroyed by fire.