Louisiana

Louisiana State Flag Gifts & Merchandise

Date of Statehood: April 30, 1812

Capital: Baton Rouge

Population: 4,533,372 (2010)

Size: 51,988 square miles

Nickname(s): Pelican State; Sportsman’s Paradise

Motto: Union, Justice, Confidence

Tree: Bald Cypress

Flower: Magnolia

Bird: Eastern Brown Pelican 

Louisiana Timeline
  • 1541 - Hernando de Soto explores the region searching for gold.
  • 1682 - Robert de La Salle claims the Louisiana Territory for France.
  • 1714 - Natchitoches is established as the first permanent settlement.
  • 1718 - The city of New Orleans is founded.
  • 1763 - Spain gains control of Louisiana.
  • 1803 - The United States buys Louisiana as part of the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1812 - Louisiana becomes the 18th state.
  • 1815 - General Andrew Jackson defeats the British in the Battle of New Orleans, the last major battle of the War of 1812.
  • 1849 - Baton Rouge becomes the state capital.
  • 1861 - Louisiana secedes from the United States and joins the Confederacy.
  • 1862 - The Union army captures New Orleans.
  • 1868 - Louisiana is readmitted to the Union.
  • 1901 - Oil is discovered.
  • 1928 - Famous politician Huey Long is elected governor.
  • 1975 - The New Orleans Superdome is completed.
  • 2005 - Hurricane Katrina hits the state devastating New Orleans and killing over 1,800 people.
  • 2010 - A Massive oil spill occurs off of the coastline when a BP oil rig explodes.