Kansas

Kansas State Flag Gifts & Merchandise

Date of Statehood: January 29, 1861

Capital: Topeka

Population: 2,853,118 (2010)

Size: 82,278 square miles

Nickname(s): Sunflower State; Wheat State; Jayhawk State

Motto: Ad astra per aspera (“To the stars through difficulties”)

Tree: Cottonwood

Flower: Wild Native Sunflower

Bird: Western Meadowlark

Kansas Timeline
  • 1541 - Spanish explorer Francisco de Coronado visits Kansas searching for gold.
  • 1682 - Frenchman Robert Cavelier de La Salle claims Kansas for France.
  • 1803 - The United States purchases Kansas from France as part of the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1804 - Lewis and Clark pass through Kansas on their way out west.
  • 1821 - William Becknell pioneers the Santa Fe Trail from Missouri to New Mexico across Kansas.
  • 1840s - Settlers begin to travel across Kansas on the Oregon Trail heading to the west coast.
  • 1854 - The Kansas Territory is established by congress with the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
  • 1854 to 1859 - A number of violent clashes occur between pro and anti-slavery groups. It is called Bleeding Kansas.
  • 1859 - Kansas outlaws slavery
  • 1861 - Kansas is admitted into the Union as the 34th state.
  • 1930s - Kansas is hit by a massive drought and a series of dust storms called the Dust Bowl.
  • 1954 - The Supreme Court rules that segregation in the schools is unconstitutional in the landmark Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Civil Rights case.