Florida

Florida State Flag Gifts & Merchandise

Date of Statehood: March 3, 1845

Capital: Tallahassee

Population: 18,801,310 (2010)

Size: 65,758 square miles

Nickname(s): Sunshine State

Motto: In God We Trust

Tree: Sabal Palm

Flower: Orange Blossom

Bird: Mockingbird

Florida Timeline
  • 1513 - Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon is the first European to visit Florida.
  • 1539 - Hernando de Soto explores the region searching for gold.
  • 1565 - The city of St. Augustine is established as the oldest permanent settlement in the United States.
  • 1763 - The British gain control of Florida as a result of the Seven Years' War.
  • 1783 - The Spanish regain Florida as part of the Treaty of Paris.
  • 1817 - The First Seminole War occurs.
  • 1819 - The United States gains control of Florida through the Adams-Onis Treaty.
  • 1821 - The Territory of Florida is established.
  • 1835 - The Second Seminole War begins.
  • 1845 - Florida becomes the 27th state.
  • 1861 - Florida secedes from the Union and joins the Confederacy.
  • 1864 - The Battle of Olustee is fought.
  • 1868 - Florida is readmitted into the Union.
  • 1961 - NASA's first manned spaceflight takes off from Cape Canaveral.
  • 1971 - Disney's Magic Kingdom theme park opens in Orlando.
  • 1986 - The Space Shuttle Challenger explodes shortly after take off.
  • 1992 - Hurricane Andrew destroys much of southern Florida.