Connecticut

Connecticut State Flag Gifts & Merchandise

Date of Statehood: January 9, 1788

Capital: Hartford

Population: 3,574,097 (2010)

Size: 5,544 square miles

Nickname(s): Constitution State; Nutmeg State; Land of Steady Habits; Provisions State

Motto: Qui Transtulit Sustinet (“He who transplanted still sustains”)

Tree: White Oak

Flower: Mountain Laurel

Bird: American Robin

Connecticut Timeline
  • 1614 - Dutch explorer Adriaen Block is the first European to visit Connecticut.
  • 1634 - Wethersfield is established as the first permanent settlement by the Dutch.
  • 1636 - Thomas Hooker founded the Colony of Connecticut at the city of Hartford.
  • 1636 - The Pequot War begins.
  • 1639 - The first written democratic constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted
  • 1662 - The Connecticut Colony receives the Royal Charter from the King of England.
  • 1701 - Yale University is founded in New Haven.
  • 1775 - Connecticut militiamen fight at the Battle of Bunker Hill.
  • 1776 - Nathan Hale is hung by the British for spying.
  • 1788 - Connecticut adopts the U.S. Constitution and becomes the fifth state.
  • 1806 - Noah Webster publishes his first dictionary.
  • 1843 - Charles Goodyear invents the process for vulcanizing rubber.
  • 1848 - Slavery is outlawed.
  • 1901 - Connecticut is the first state to establish speed limits for cars.