Colorado

Colorado State Flag Gifts & Merchandise

Date of Statehood: August 1, 1876

Capital: Denver

Population: 5,029,196 (2010)

Size: 104,094 square miles

Nickname(s): Centennial State; Colorful Colorado

Motto: Nil sine Numine (“Nothing without the Deity”)

Tree: Colorado Blue Spruce

Flower: White and Lavender Columbine

Bird: Lark Bunting

Colorado Timeline
  • 500 - The Anasazi culture develops in the region.
  • 1541 - Spanish explorer Francisco de Coronado visits Colorado.
  • 1682 - French explorer Robert de La Salle claims the land for France.
  • 1803 - The United States buys eastern Colorado from France as part of the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1806 - American explorer Zebulon Pike follows the Arkansas River through Colorado.
  • 1821 - The Santa Fe Trail opens.
  • 1833 - Fort Bent is established as the first permanent settlement.
  • 1848 - The United States acquires western Colorado from Mexico after the Mexican-American War.
  • 1858 - Gold is discovered near Pikes Peak.
  • 1858 - Denver City is established.
  • 1861 - The Colorado Territory is formed by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1864 - The Sand Creek Massacre occurs and many Cheyenne and Arapaho are killed.
  • 1867 - Denver City becomes the capital of the territory.
  • 1870 - The Denver Pacific Railway reaches Denver.
  • 1876 - Colorado is admitted to the Union as the 38th state.
  • 1894 - Colorado becomes the second state to give women the right to vote.
  • 1906 - The Denver Mint issues its first coins.
  • 1958 - The Air Force Academy opens near Colorado Springs.