California

California State Flag Gifts & Merchandise

Date of Statehood: September 9, 1850

Capital: Sacramento

Population: 37,253,956 (2010)

Size: 163,694 square miles

Nickname(s): The Golden State; The Land of Milk and Honey; The El Dorado State; The Grape State

Motto: Eureka (“I have found it”)

Tree: California Redwood

Flower: Poppy

Bird: California Valley Quail

California Timeline
  • 1542 - Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo is the first European to visit the coast of California.
  • 1579 - Sir Francis Drake lands on the coast of California and claims it for Great Britain.
  • 1769 - The Spanish begin to build missions. They build 21 total missions along the coast.
  • 1781 - The city of Los Angeles is established.
  • 1821 - California becomes part of the country of Mexico.
  • 1840s - Settlers begin to arrive from the east on the Oregon Trail and the California Trail.
  • 1846 - California declares its independence from Mexico.
  • 1848 - The United States gains control of California after the Mexican-American war.
  • 1848 - Gold is discovered at Sutter's Mill. The Gold Rush begins.
  • 1850 - California is admitted to the Union as the 31st state.
  • 1854 - Sacramento becomes the state capital. It is named the permanent capital in 1879.
  • 1869 - The First Transcontinental Railroad is completed connecting San Francisco with the east coast.
  • 1890 - Yosemite National Park is established.
  • 1906 - A huge earthquake destroys much of San Francisco.
  • 1937 - The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco is opened for traffic.
  • 1955 - Disneyland opens in Anaheim.